Deramakot forest reserve, Sabah (Northern Borneo), Malaysia
the Deramakot Forest Reserve (DFR) is situated in Sabah (North Borneo, Malaysia, 1178300E, 5850N, 130–300 m asl.). Deramakot has a per-humid climate with a mean annual temperature of 27 C with little seasonal variations. The average annual precipitation is about 3500 mm, with no pronounced dry season. The soils are low in nutrients and prone to erosion once left devoid of tree cover. The dominant prevailing forest type is lowland Dipterocarp forest. Commercial logging started in the 1950s with varying intensity and damages.