FORMIND has been applied on forests in Europe, Asia, Africa and South America. Click on the locations for more information on each studied area.

Serra Grande, Brazil

Santarém, Brazil

Morro Grande

Chiloé Island

Loja

Saint-Élie

Choré

Reserva Florestal de Caparo

Barro Colorado Island

Veracruz

Munessa Forest

San Jorge

Wetzstein

Tharandt

Betampona

Kilimanjaro

Sinharaja

Lambir

Sabah
Formind Map

 

The climate module includes the influence of soil water or temperature on photosynthesis and respiration . In addition, external disturbances like fire events or logging can be included.

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This image shows a visualization of a mountainous tropical forest in Ecuador. Tree species are aggregated into seven plant functional types. Trees colored in red are  of late successional stage (shade-tolerant species), trees colored in green are of early successional stage (light-demanding species) and trees in blue are of intermediate successional stage. The disturbed areas that occur are caused by landslides. Immediately after the disturbance, the competition for light and space is low, so light-demanding species can establish. In advanced successional stages, shade-tolerant species dominate.